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The history of science and technology shows that seemingly innocuous developments in scientific theories and research have enabled real-world applications with significant negative consequences for humanity.
“The European Commission has shown its ambition in the area of artificial intelligence (AI) in its recent White Paper on Artificial Intelligence – a European approach to excellence and trust. This White Paper is at the same time a precursor of possible legislation of AI in products and services in the European Union. However, COCIR sees no need for novel regulatory frameworks for AI-based devices in Healthcare, because the requirements of EU MDR and EU IVDR in combination with GDPR are adequate to ensure that same excellence and trust.” (COCIR paper).
This paper introduces TextAttack, a Python framework for adversarial attacks, data augmentation, and adversarial training in NLP. TextAttack builds attacks from four components: a goal function, a set of constraints, a transformation, and a search method. TextAttack’s modular design enables researchers to easily construct attacks from combinations of novel and existing components. TextAttack provides implementations of 16 adversarial attacks from the literature and supports a variety of models and datasets, including BERT and other transformers, and all GLUE tasks.
We further formalize the metrics for higher-order statistics, including inter-rater disagreement, in a unified way, which enables us to assess the quality of distributional uncertainty. In addition, we propose a novel post-hoc calibration method that equips trained neural networks with calibrated distributions over class probability estimates. With a large-scale medical imaging application, we show that our approach significantly improves the quality of uncertainty estimates in multiple metrics.
Rob wants to argue that if intent is linked to an incorrect assessment of identity, and thus not central to an ethics of behaviour, then this opens up an actionable set of actors actually at play in the digtial (IoT, 5G, AI) namely: objects (with added connectivity like NFC), machines with built in connectivity, animals & plants (as ecosystems) and humans alike , as they can be treated as entities.
It has never been more important that we keep a sharp eye out on the development of this field and how it is shaping our society and interactions with each other. With this inaugural edition of the State of AI Ethics we hope to bring forward the most important developments that caught our attention at the Montreal AI Ethics Institute this past quarter. Our goal is to help you navigate this ever-evolving field swiftly and allow you and your organization to make informed decisions.
In February 2020, the European Commission (EC) published a white paper entitled, On Artificial Intelligence – A European approach to excellence and trust. This paper outlines the EC’s policy options for the promotion and adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) in the European Union. We reviewed this paper and published a response addressing the EC’s plans to build an “ecosystem of excellence” and an “ecosystem of trust,” as well as the safety and liability implications of AI, the internet of things (IoT), and robotics.
A key challenge to making effective use of evolutionary algorithms (EAs) is to choose appropriate settings for their parameters. However, the appropriate parameter setting generally depends on the structure of the optimization problem, which is often unknown to the user. Non‐deterministic parameter control mechanisms adjust parameters using information obtained from the evolutionary process.
To improve the performance of U-Net on various segmentation tasks, we propose a novel architecture called DoubleU-Net, which is a combination of two U-Net architectures stacked on top of each other.
Multi-presenter format with exciting Speakers from the current European ICT research projects AI4EU (www.ai4eu.eu) and Helios (helios-social.com/) as well as Guest Speakers.
Yooneeque has made digitalisation its motto. An artificial intelligence called YOONA is the fashion designer here. This time again during the Berlin Fashion Week the latest outputs of the software were presented
This repository contains examples and best practices for building NLP systems, provided as Jupyter notebooks and utility functions. The focus of the repository is on state-of-the-art methods and common scenarios that are popular among researchers and practitioners working on problems involving text and language
A database housing more than 100 Colab notebooks running ML code for various NLP tasks. Colab is an excellent destination to experiment with the latest models as it comes with a free GPU/TPU housed in Google’s back-end servers… And a collection of more than 400 NLP datasets that it include papers.
Harnessing the power of supercomputer and patient modelling to deliver unparallelled medical insights and predict treatment outcomes for patients.
We survey 146 papers analyzing “bias” in NLP systems, finding that their motivations are often vague, inconsistent, and lacking in normative reasoning, despite the fact that analyzing “bias” is an inherently normative process.
The objective of this guideline is to provide medical device manufacturers and notified bodies instructions and to provide them with a concrete checklist to understand what the expectations of the notified bodies are, to promote step-by-step implementation of safety of medical devices, that implement artificial intelligence methods, in particular machine learning, to compensate for the lack of a harmonized standard (in the interim) to the greatest extent possible.
Technologies are not neutral, neither are choices in the public procurement of AI. The AI systems we deploy today are the systems we will live with tomorrow.
A Human-Centered Evaluation of a Deep Learning System Deployed in Clinics for the Detection of Diabetic Retinopathy
This paper contributes the first human-centered observational study of a deep learning system deployed directly in clinical care with patients. Through field observations and interviews at eleven clinics across Thailand, we explored the expectations and realities that nurses encounter in bringing a deep learning model into their clinical practices. First, we outline typical eye-screening workflows and challenges that nurses experience when screening hundreds of patients. Then, we explore the expectations nurses have for an AI-assisted eye screening process. Next, we present a human-centered, observational study of the deep learning system used in clinical care, examining nurses’ experiences with the system, and the socio-environmental factors that impacted system performance. Finally, we conclude with a discussion around applications of HCI methods to the evaluation of deep learning algorithms in clinical environments.
The aim is to give a general overview of different legal regimes having an impact on the planning, development and deployment of Artificial Intelligence systems.
In their efforts to tackle the COVID-19 crisis, decision makers are considering the development and use of smartphone applications for contact tracing. Even though these applications differ in technology and methods, there is an increasing concern about their implications for privacy and human rights. Here we propose a framework to evaluate their suitability in terms of impact on the users, employed technology and governance methods.
The Joint Research Center (JRC) in cooperation with the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) and the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC), European Commission’s Directorate General Communications Networks, Content and Technology (DG CNECT), and the German Institute of Standardisation (DIN), organised in Brussels on 28-29 March 2019 the Putting-Science-Into-Standards (PSIS) workshop on Quantum Technologies.
Welcome to the Search portal of the Cybercrime
Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Software as a Medical Device: discussion Paper and Request for Feedback
Artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies have the potential to transform health care by deriving new and important insights from the vast amount of data generated during the delivery of health care every day. Medical device manufacturers are using these technologies to innovate their products to better assist health care providers and improve patient care. The FDA is considering a total product lifecycle-based regulatory framework for these technologies.
Rapid Acceleration of #Diagnostics (RADx), is a fast-track technology development program that leverages the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Point-of-Care Technology Research Network #POCTRNN).
#IEEE Invites Companies, Governments and Other Stakeholders Globally to Expand on #Ethics #Certification Program for #Autonomous and #Intelligent #Systems (#ECPAIS) Work
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