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Underpinning the latest version of AlphaFold is a novel machine learning approach that incorporates physical and biological knowledge about protein structure, leveraging multi-sequence alignments, into the design of the deep learning algorithm.
Unsupervised deep clustering and reinforcement learning can accurately segment MRI brain tumors with very small training sets
“We have demonstrated a proof-of-principle application of unsupervised deep clustering and reinforcement learning to segment brain tumors. The approach represents human-allied AI that requires minimal input from the radiologist without the need for hand-traced annotation”.
Side-Channel Sensing: Exploiting Side-Channels to Extract Information for Medical Diagnostics and Monitoring
Information within systems can be extracted through side-channels; unintended communication channels that leak information. The concept of side-channel sensing is explored, in which sensor data is analysed in non-trivial ways to recover subtle, hidden or unexpected information.
Machine learning models depend on the quality of input data. As electronic health records are widely adopted, the amount of data in health care is growing, along with complaints about the quality of medical notes.
Machine learning can be used to make sense of healthcare data. Probabilistic machine learning models help provide a complete picture of observed data in healthcare. In this review, we examine how probabilistic machine learning can advance healthcare. We consider challenges in the predictive model building pipeline where probabilistic models can be beneficial including calibration and missing data. Beyond predictive models, we also investigate the utility of probabilistic machine learning models in phenotyping, in generative models for clinical use cases, and in reinforcement learning.
“This book provides a thorough overview of the ongoing evolution in the application of artificial intelligence (AI) within healthcare and radiology, enabling readers to gain a deeper insight into the technological background of AI and the impacts of new and emerging technologies on medical imaging”.
I will discuss relevant AI thrusts at NIST on health care informatics, focusing on the use of machine learning, knowledge representation and natural language processing. I will also discuss the need for explanations in AI systems (XAI) and current state of the art in medical XAI.
The structure and content of this work has been guided by the curricula developed by the European Society of Radiology, the Royal College of Radiologists, the Alliance of Medical Student Educators in Radiology, with guidance and input from Canadian Radiology Undergraduate Education Coordinators, and the Canadian Heads of Academic Radiology (CHAR).
Following visible successes on a wide range of predictive tasks, machine learning techniques are attracting substantial interest from medical researchers and clinicians. We address the need for capacity development in this area by providing a conceptual introduction to machine learning alongside a practical guide to developing and evaluating predictive algorithms using freely-available open source software and public domain data
You will find up-to-date, reliable information about the latest innovations, technologies, and trends in the context of COVID-19, and the best examples of 14 digital health technologies already sent to the battle successfully
This lecture will outline the fundamental ML processes involved in medical image analysis. Achieving prediction and classification for CAD applications will also be discussed. Some preliminary ideas of 3D reconstruction and viewing as applied in medical image analysis will also be presented.
Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Software as a Medical Device: discussion Paper and Request for Feedback
Artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies have the potential to transform health care by deriving new and important insights from the vast amount of data generated during the delivery of health care every day. Medical device manufacturers are using these technologies to innovate their products to better assist health care providers and improve patient care. The FDA is considering a total product lifecycle-based regulatory framework for these technologies.
Digital solutions for healthcare open a plethora of new possibilities in this area. They provide a technical base for easy testing, they improve significantly the quality of service by allowing immediate access to medical data – results of tests, history of treatment; they facilitate correct diagnosis by easier analytics and correlation of data and easier monitoring of patients’ health parameters. They facilitate setting up appointments with appropriate doctors at a convenient time
EEG-based Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs): A Survey of Recent Studies on Signal Sensing Technologies and Computational Intelligence Approaches and their Applications
Recent technological advances such as wearable sensing devices, real-time data streaming, machine learning, and deep learning approaches have increased interest in electroencephalographic (EEG) based BCI for translational and healthcare applications.
Usando el modelo, en sus conclusiones, los autores señalan que las nuevas proteínas SNARE pueden identificarse con precisión y usarse para el desarrollo de fármacos. Y tratándose de enfermedades como las neurodegenerativas, mentales y el cáncer podemos y debemos interesarnos por este trabajo aplicado al campo de la bioinformática computacional, la minería de datos y el Machine Learning.