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International scientific and technical publication on Artificial Intelligence | ISSN 2695-6411 | Officially founded in September, 2019

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Probabilistic Machine Learning for Healthcare

Machine learning can be used to make sense of healthcare data. Probabilistic machine learning models help provide a complete picture of observed data in healthcare. In this review, we examine how probabilistic machine learning can advance healthcare. We consider challenges in the predictive model building pipeline where probabilistic models can be beneficial including calibration and missing data. Beyond predictive models, we also investigate the utility of probabilistic machine learning models in phenotyping, in generative models for clinical use cases, and in reinforcement learning.

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WHAT IS [MEANINGFUL PRIVACY]*

Meaningful privacy and how it is applied in technology will be the focus of 60 privacy preserving leaders from around the globe during the OpenMined Privacy conference Sept 26 and 27 2020 with more than 2000 in attendance virtually.

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Tidy Modeling with R

This book provides an introduction to how to use our software to create models. We focus on a dialect of R called the tidyverse that is designed to be a better interface for common tasks using R. If you’ve never heard of or used the tidyverse, Chapter 2 provides an introduction. In this book, we demonstrate how the tidyverse can be used to produce high quality models. The tools used to do this are referred to as the tidymodels packages

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Report on Publications Norms for Responsible AI

The history of science and technology shows that seemingly innocuous developments in scientific theories and research have enabled real-world applications with significant negative consequences for humanity.

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The future of AI

If you wonder what is next in the evolution towards general AI then this session is for you. We have seen some painful failures of artificial intelligence pointing to a lack of ‘common sense’. Are neural networks really the solution we seek or is a new path needed? Find out what IBM Research is cooking in terms of hardware and software in the never ending quest towards General AI.

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Machine Learning from scratch (by Danny Friedman)

This book covers the building blocks of the most common methods in machine learning. This set of methods is like a toolbox for machine learning engineers. Those entering the field of machine learning should feel comfortable with this toolbox so they have the right tool for a variety of tasks.

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COCIR analyses application of medical device legislation to Artificial Intelligence

“The European Commission has shown its ambition in the area of artificial intelligence (AI) in its recent White Paper on Artificial Intelligence – a European approach to excellence and trust. This White Paper is at the same time a precursor of possible legislation of AI in products and services in the European Union. However, COCIR sees no need for novel regulatory frameworks for AI-based devices in Healthcare, because the requirements of EU MDR and EU IVDR in combination with GDPR are adequate to ensure that same excellence and trust.” (COCIR paper).

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IEEE Use Case–Criteria for Addressing Ethical Challenges in Transparency, Accountability, and Privacy of CTA/CTT

There are substantial public health benefits gained through successfully alerting individuals and relevant public health institutions of a person’s exposure to a communicable disease. Contact tracing techniques have been applied to epidemiology for centuries, traditionally involving a manual process of interview and follow-up. This is time-consuming, difficult, and dangerous work. Manual processes are also open to incomplete information because they rely on individuals being willing and able to remember and report all contact possibilities.

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The Deep Learning Revolution and Its Implications for Computer Architecture and Chip Design

The past decade has seen a remarkable series of advances in machine learning, and in particular deep learning approaches based on artificial neural networks, to improve our abilities to build more accurate systems across a broad range of areas, including computer vision, speech recognition, language translation, and natural language understanding tasks.

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Artificial Intelligence in Medical Imaging

“This book provides a thorough overview of the ongoing evolution in the application of artificial intelligence (AI) within healthcare and radiology, enabling readers to gain a deeper insight into the technological background of AI and the impacts of new and emerging technologies on medical imaging”.

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TextAttack: A Framework for Adversarial Attacks, Data Augmentation, and Adversarial Training in NLP

This paper introduces TextAttack, a Python framework for adversarial attacks, data augmentation, and adversarial training in NLP. TextAttack builds attacks from four components: a goal function, a set of constraints, a transformation, and a search method. TextAttack’s modular design enables researchers to easily construct attacks from combinations of novel and existing components. TextAttack provides implementations of 16 adversarial attacks from the literature and supports a variety of models and datasets, including BERT and other transformers, and all GLUE tasks.

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Diagnostic uncertainty calibration: towards reliable machine predictions in medical domain

We further formalize the metrics for higher-order statistics, including inter-rater disagreement, in a unified way, which enables us to assess the quality of distributional uncertainty. In addition, we propose a novel post-hoc calibration method that equips trained neural networks with calibrated distributions over class probability estimates. With a large-scale medical imaging application, we show that our approach significantly improves the quality of uncertainty estimates in multiple metrics.

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Transforming Health Care Through AI Revolutions

I will discuss relevant AI thrusts at NIST on health care informatics, focusing on the use of machine learning, knowledge representation and natural language processing. I will also discuss the need for explanations in AI systems (XAI) and current state of the art in medical XAI.

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Mastering Shiny

This book complements Shiny’s online documentation and is intended to help app authors develop a deeper understanding of Shiny. After reading this book, you’ll be able to write apps that have more customized UI, more maintainable code, and better performance and scalability.

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Disposable Identities are Elemental(s) in IoT

Rob wants to argue that if intent is linked to an incorrect assessment of identity, and thus not central to an ethics of behaviour, then this opens up an actionable set of actors actually at play in the digtial (IoT, 5G, AI) namely: objects (with added connectivity like NFC), machines with built in connectivity, animals & plants (as ecosystems) and humans alike , as they can be treated as entities.

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The State of AI Ethics Report (June 2020)

It has never been more important that we keep a sharp eye out on the development of this field and how it is shaping our society and interactions with each other. With this inaugural edition of the State of AI Ethics we hope to bring forward the most important developments that caught our attention at the Montreal AI Ethics Institute this past quarter. Our goal is to help you navigate this ever-evolving field swiftly and allow you and your organization to make informed decisions.

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Undergraduate Diagnostic Imaging Fundamentals

The structure and content of this work has been guided by the curricula developed by the European Society of Radiology, the Royal College of Radiologists, the Alliance of Medical Student Educators in Radiology, with guidance and input from Canadian Radiology Undergraduate Education Coordinators, and the Canadian Heads of Academic Radiology (CHAR).

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Medical Open Network for AI (MONAI), AI Toolkit for Healthcare Imaging

The MONAI framework is the open-source foundation being created by Project MONAI. MONAI is a freely available, community-supported, PyTorch-based framework for deep learning in healthcare imaging. It provides domain-optimized foundational capabilities for developing healthcare imaging training workflows in a native PyTorch paradigm.

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Machine learning in medicine: a practical introduction

Following visible successes on a wide range of predictive tasks, machine learning techniques are attracting substantial interest from medical researchers and clinicians. We address the need for capacity development in this area by providing a conceptual introduction to machine learning alongside a practical guide to developing and evaluating predictive algorithms using freely-available open source software and public domain data

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Privacy Preserving AI – Andrew Trask, OpenMined

Learn the basics of secure and private AI techniques, including federated learning and secure multi-party computation. In this talk, Andrew Trask of OpenMined highlights the importance of privacy preserving machine learning, and how to use privacy-focused tools like PySyft.

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Montreal AI Ethics Institute: Response to the European Commission’s white paper on AI

In February 2020, the European Commission (EC) published a white paper entitled, On Artificial Intelligence – A European approach to excellence and trust. This paper outlines the EC’s policy options for the promotion and adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) in the European Union. We reviewed this paper and published a response addressing the EC’s plans to build an “ecosystem of excellence” and an “ecosystem of trust,” as well as the safety and liability implications of AI, the internet of things (IoT), and robotics.

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A Rigorous Analysis of Self‐Adaptation in Discrete Evolutionary Algorithms

A key challenge to making effective use of evolutionary algorithms (EAs) is to choose appropriate settings for their parameters. However, the appropriate parameter setting generally depends on the structure of the optimization problem, which is often unknown to the user. Non‐deterministic parameter control mechanisms adjust parameters using information obtained from the evolutionary process.

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Interpretable Machine Learning (A Guide for Making Black Box Models Explainable)

The book focuses on machine learning models for tabular data (also called relational or structured data) and less on computer vision and natural language processing tasks. Reading the book is recommended for machine learning practitioners, data scientists, statisticians, and anyone else interested in making machine learning models interpretable.

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Explaining Autonomous Driving by Learning End-to-End Visual Attention

In this work we propose to train an imitation learning based agent equipped with an attention model. The attention model allows us to understand what part of the image has been deemed most important. Interestingly, the use of attention also leads to superior performance in a standard benchmark using the CARLA driving simulator.

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Unconventional Computer Arithmetic for Emerging Applications and Technologies

Arithmetic plays a major role in computing performance and efficiency. It is challenging to build platforms, ranging from embedded devices to high performance computers, supported on traditional binary arithmetic and silicon-based technologies that meet the requirements of today’s applications. In this talk, the state-of-the-art of non-conventional computer arithmetic is presented, considering alternative computing models and emerging technologies.

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