ML

Machine Learning

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Transforming Health Care Through AI Revolutions

I will discuss relevant AI thrusts at NIST on health care informatics, focusing on the use of machine learning, knowledge representation and natural language processing. I will also discuss the need for explanations in AI systems (XAI) and current state of the art in medical XAI.

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Machine learning in medicine: a practical introduction

Following visible successes on a wide range of predictive tasks, machine learning techniques are attracting substantial interest from medical researchers and clinicians. We address the need for capacity development in this area by providing a conceptual introduction to machine learning alongside a practical guide to developing and evaluating predictive algorithms using freely-available open source software and public domain data

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Privacy Preserving AI – Andrew Trask, OpenMined

Learn the basics of secure and private AI techniques, including federated learning and secure multi-party computation. In this talk, Andrew Trask of OpenMined highlights the importance of privacy preserving machine learning, and how to use privacy-focused tools like PySyft.

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Interpretable Machine Learning (A Guide for Making Black Box Models Explainable)

The book focuses on machine learning models for tabular data (also called relational or structured data) and less on computer vision and natural language processing tasks. Reading the book is recommended for machine learning practitioners, data scientists, statisticians, and anyone else interested in making machine learning models interpretable.

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Explaining Autonomous Driving by Learning End-to-End Visual Attention

In this work we propose to train an imitation learning based agent equipped with an attention model. The attention model allows us to understand what part of the image has been deemed most important. Interestingly, the use of attention also leads to superior performance in a standard benchmark using the CARLA driving simulator.

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The Art of Machine Learning (Algorithms + Data + R)

I wrote this book because: • ML is not a recipe. It is not a matter of knowing the syntax and mechanics of various software packages.• ML is an art, not a science. (Hence the title of this book). • One does not have to be a math whiz or know advanced math in orer to use ML effectively, but one does need to understand the concepts well — the Why? and How? of ML methods

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Machine Learning for Medical Imaging Analysis Demystified

This lecture will outline the fundamental ML processes involved in medical image analysis. Achieving prediction and classification for CAD applications will also be discussed. Some preliminary ideas of 3D reconstruction and viewing as applied in medical image analysis will also be presented.

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Machine Learning From Scratch

An extensive list of fundamental machine learning models and algorithms from scratch in vanilla Python.

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A Human-Centered Evaluation of a Deep Learning System Deployed in Clinics for the Detection of Diabetic Retinopathy

This paper contributes the first human-centered observational study of a deep learning system deployed directly in clinical care with patients. Through field observations and interviews at eleven clinics across Thailand, we explored the expectations and realities that nurses encounter in bringing a deep learning model into their clinical practices. First, we outline typical eye-screening workflows and challenges that nurses experience when screening hundreds of patients. Then, we explore the expectations nurses have for an AI-assisted eye screening process. Next, we present a human-centered, observational study of the deep learning system used in clinical care, examining nurses’ experiences with the system, and the socio-environmental factors that impacted system performance. Finally, we conclude with a discussion around applications of HCI methods to the evaluation of deep learning algorithms in clinical environments.

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Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Software as a Medical Device: discussion Paper and Request for Feedback

Artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies have the potential to transform health care by deriving new and important insights from the vast amount of data generated during the delivery of health care every day. Medical device manufacturers are using these technologies to innovate their products to better assist health care providers and improve patient care. The FDA is considering a total product lifecycle-based regulatory framework for these technologies.