News

R0:507c2e7fe07ef9a317eb4c7a51869fdc-Federated Learning: Issues in Medical Application

Federated Learning: Issues in Medical Application

In this presentation, the current issues to make federated learning flawlessly useful in the real world will be briefly overviewed. They are related to data/system heterogeneity, client management, traceability, and security. Also, we introduce the modularized federated learning framework, we currently develop, to experiment various techniques and protocols to find solutions for aforementioned issues. The framework will be open to public after development completes.

R0:c4c3ffc882452ee50fea21d2c6b1486a-CNN Explainer: Learning Convolutional Neural Networks with Interactive Visualization

CNN Explainer: Learning Convolutional Neural Networks with Interactive Visualization

CNN Explainer tightly integrates a model overview that summarizes a CNN’s structure, and on-demand, dynamic visual explanation views that help users understand the underlying components of CNNs. Through smooth transitions across levels of abstraction, our tool enables users to inspect the interplay between low-level mathematical operations and high-level model structures.

R0:884a5f6297216a3c5e883ae639b13721-Between words and characters: A Brief History of Open-Vocabulary Modeling and Tokenization in NLP

Between words and characters: A Brief History of Open-Vocabulary Modeling and Tokenization in NLP

In this survey, we connect several lines of work from the pre-neural and neural era, by showing how hybrid approaches of words and characters as well as subword-based approaches based on learned segmentation have been proposed and evaluated. We conclude that there is and likely will never be a silver bullet singular solution for all applications and that thinking seriously about tokenization remains important for many applications

R0:7194c033807f71949262faf563aef58e-Scientific Visualization: Python + Matplotlib

Scientific Visualization: Python + Matplotlib

The Python scientific visualisation landscape is huge. It is composed of a myriad of tools, ranging from the most versatile and widely used down to the more specialised and confidential. Some of these tools are community based while others are developed by companies. Some are made specifically for the web, others are for the desktop only, some deal with 3D and large data, while others target flawless 2D rendering.

R0:62a6aa3b4882ad9b194a4ae5c97b4d58-Ethics-based auditing of automated decision-making systems: intervention points and policy implications

Ethics-based auditing of automated decision-making systems: intervention points and policy implications

Organisations increasingly use automated decision-making systems (ADMS) to inform decisions that affect humans and their environment. While the use of ADMS can improve the accuracy and efficiency of decision-making processes, it is also coupled with ethical challenges. Unfortunately, the governance mechanisms currently used to oversee human decision-making often fail when applied to ADMS.

R0:8c6cf8db215cbc24a8aec1e0786e1356-AI and the Future of Skills, Volume 1

AI and the Future of Skills, Volume 1

The OECD launched the Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Skills project to develop a programme that could assess the capabilities of AI and robotics and their impact on education and work. This report represents the first step in developing the methodological approach of the project.

R0:a56672bf43097f7a50286448af70703b-Isaac Gym: High Performance GPU-Based Physics Simulation For Robot Learning

Isaac Gym: High Performance GPU-Based Physics Simulation For Robot Learning

Isaac Gym offers a high performance learning platform to train policies for wide variety of robotics tasks directly on GPU. Both physics simulation and the neural network policy training reside on GPU and communicate by directly passing data from physics buffers to PyTorch tensors without ever going through any CPU bottlenecks. This leads to blazing fast training times for complex robotics tasks on a single GPU with 2-3 orders of magnitude improvements compared to conventional RL training that uses a CPU based simulator and GPU for neural networks.

R0:a8fc240769ba4448b373719f7fbe640d-Do Vision Transformers See Like Convolutional Neural Networks?

Do Vision Transformers See Like Convolutional Neural Networks?

Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have so far been the de-facto model for visual data. Recent work has shown that (Vision) Transformer models (ViT) can achieve comparable or even superior performance on image classification tasks. This raises a central question: how are Vision Transformers solving these tasks? Are they acting like convolutional networks, or learning entirely different visual representations? Analyzing the internal representation structure of ViTs and CNNs on image classification benchmarks, we find striking differences between the two architectures, such as ViT having more uniform representations across all layers. We explore how these differences arise, finding crucial roles played by self-attention, which enables early aggregation of global information, and ViT residual connections, which strongly propagate features from lower to higher layers.

R0:fd224a04984225e4bdd2ae7a7e595529-Human Learn

Human Learn

Machine learning covers a lot of ground but it is also capable of making bad decision. We’ve also reached a stage of hype that folks forget that many classification problems can be handled by natural intelligence too. This package contains scikit-learn compatible tools that should make it easier to construct and benchmark rule based systems that are designed by humans. You can also use it in combination with ML models.