#General

R0:8477de576deaf0ef41a00ad9e17c7171-Partial Differential Equations is All You Need for Generating Neural Architectures -- A Theory for Physical Artificial Intelligence Systems

Partial Differential Equations is All You Need for Generating Neural Architectures — A Theory for Physical Artificial Intelligence Systems

In this work, we generalize the reaction-diffusion equation in statistical physics, Schrödinger equation in quantum mechanics, Helmholtz equation in paraxial optics into the neural partial differential equations (NPDE), which can be considered as the fundamental equations in the field of artificial intelligence research

Probabilistic Machine Learning: An Introduction

Probabilistic Machine Learning: An Introduction

“In this book, we will cover the most common types of ML, but from a probabilistic perspective. Roughly speaking, this means that we treat all unknown quantities (e.g., predictions about the future value of some quantity of interest, such as tomorrow’s temperature, or the parameters of some model) as random variables, that are endowed with probability distributions which describe a weighted set of possible values the variable may have.[…].”.

R0:5ad410ba3fa0191312506cf94754bfd9-Addressing Ethical Dilemmas in AI: Listening to Engineers

Addressing Ethical Dilemmas in AI: Listening to Engineers

Documentation is key – design decisions in AI development must be documented in detail, potentially taking inspiration from the field of risk management. There is a need to develop a framework for large-scale testing of AI effects, beginning with public tests of AI systems, and moving towards real-time validation and monitoring. Governance frameworks for decisions in AI development need to be clarified, including the questions of post-market surveillance of product or system performance. Certification of AI ethics expertise would be helpful to support professionalism in AI development teams. Distributed responsibility should be a goal, resulting in a clear definition of roles and responsibilities as well as clear incentive structures for taking in to account broader ethical concerns in the development of AI systems. Spaces for discussion of ethics are lacking and very necessary both internally in companies and externally, provided by independent organisations. Looking to policy ensuring whistleblower protection and ombudsman position within companies, as well as participation from professional organisations. One solution is to look to the existing EU RRI framework and to ensure multidisciplinarity in AI system development team composition. The RRI framework can provide systematic processes for engagement with stakeholders and ensuring that problems are better defined. The challenges of AI systems point to a general lack in engineering education. We need to ensure that technical disciplines are empowered to identify ethical problems, which requires broadening technical education programs to include societal concerns. Engineers advocate for public transparency of adherence to standards and ethical principles for AI-driven products and services to enable learning from each other’s mistakes and to foster a no-blame culture.

R0identifier_ 7029b309b114bdb1aa72b6fd0da905f3-Yann LeCun’s Deep Learning Course at CDS

Yann LeCun’s Deep Learning Course at CDS

This course concerns the latest techniques in deep learning and representation learning, focusing on supervised and unsupervised deep learning, embedding methods, metric learning, convolutional and recurrent nets, with applications to computer vision, natural language understanding, and speech recognition. The prerequisites include: DS-GA 1001 Intro to Data Science or a graduate-level machine learning course.

Fourier Neural Operator for Parametric Partial Differential Equations

Fourier Neural Operator for Parametric Partial Differential Equations

The classical development of neural networks has primarily focused on learning mappings between finite-dimensional Euclidean spaces. Recently, this has been generalized to neural operators that learn mappings between function spaces. For partial differential equations (PDEs), neural operators directly learn the mapping from any functional parametric dependence to the solution.

R0_b6959f4e35b2c24097cf630fa7cea606-Evaluating and Characterizing Human Rationales

Evaluating and Characterizing Human Rationales

Two main approaches for evaluating the quality of machine-generated rationales are: 1) using human rationales as a gold standard; and 2) automated metrics based on how rationales affect model behavior.

https://editorialia.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/the-future-of-ai.jpg

The future of AI

If you wonder what is next in the evolution towards general AI then this session is for you. We have seen some painful failures of artificial intelligence pointing to a lack of ‘common sense’. Are neural networks really the solution we seek or is a new path needed? Find out what IBM Research is cooking in terms of hardware and software in the never ending quest towards General AI.