Investigación | 🇬🇧 Research

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Artificial Intelligence in Medical Imaging

“This book provides a thorough overview of the ongoing evolution in the application of artificial intelligence (AI) within healthcare and radiology, enabling readers to gain a deeper insight into the technological background of AI and the impacts of new and emerging technologies on medical imaging”.

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TextAttack: A Framework for Adversarial Attacks, Data Augmentation, and Adversarial Training in NLP

This paper introduces TextAttack, a Python framework for adversarial attacks, data augmentation, and adversarial training in NLP. TextAttack builds attacks from four components: a goal function, a set of constraints, a transformation, and a search method. TextAttack’s modular design enables researchers to easily construct attacks from combinations of novel and existing components. TextAttack provides implementations of 16 adversarial attacks from the literature and supports a variety of models and datasets, including BERT and other transformers, and all GLUE tasks.

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Research and innovation in smart mobility and services in Europe

For smart mobility to be cost-efficient and ready for future needs, adequate research and innovation (R&I) in this field is necessary. This report provides a comprehensive analysis of R&I in smart mobility and services in Europe.

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Diagnostic uncertainty calibration: towards reliable machine predictions in medical domain

We further formalize the metrics for higher-order statistics, including inter-rater disagreement, in a unified way, which enables us to assess the quality of distributional uncertainty. In addition, we propose a novel post-hoc calibration method that equips trained neural networks with calibrated distributions over class probability estimates. With a large-scale medical imaging application, we show that our approach significantly improves the quality of uncertainty estimates in multiple metrics.

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Transforming Health Care Through AI Revolutions

I will discuss relevant AI thrusts at NIST on health care informatics, focusing on the use of machine learning, knowledge representation and natural language processing. I will also discuss the need for explanations in AI systems (XAI) and current state of the art in medical XAI.

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Mastering Shiny

This book complements Shiny’s online documentation and is intended to help app authors develop a deeper understanding of Shiny. After reading this book, you’ll be able to write apps that have more customized UI, more maintainable code, and better performance and scalability.

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Disposable Identities are Elemental(s) in IoT

Rob wants to argue that if intent is linked to an incorrect assessment of identity, and thus not central to an ethics of behaviour, then this opens up an actionable set of actors actually at play in the digtial (IoT, 5G, AI) namely: objects (with added connectivity like NFC), machines with built in connectivity, animals & plants (as ecosystems) and humans alike , as they can be treated as entities.

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The State of AI Ethics Report (June 2020)

It has never been more important that we keep a sharp eye out on the development of this field and how it is shaping our society and interactions with each other. With this inaugural edition of the State of AI Ethics we hope to bring forward the most important developments that caught our attention at the Montreal AI Ethics Institute this past quarter. Our goal is to help you navigate this ever-evolving field swiftly and allow you and your organization to make informed decisions.

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OpenMined: open source to make privacy-preserving of AI technologies

With OpenMined, an AI model can be governed by multiple owners and trained securely on an unseen, distributed dataset.The mission of the OpenMined community is to create an accessible ecosystem of tools for private, secure, multi-owner governed AI

OpenAccess Publication System: welcome to OpenScience

We have launched, within the open publishing platform “PubPub“, a research community in English language (its equivalent in Spanish too). The benefit is based on four pillars: 1) readers, 2) authors, 3) reviewers and 4) journals. (This is based in OpenSource software). As part of the Knowledge Futures Group, we’re committed to making PubPub open …

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