“This book provides a thorough overview of the ongoing evolution in the application of artificial intelligence (AI) within healthcare and radiology, enabling readers to gain a deeper insight into the technological background of AI and the impacts of new and emerging technologies on medical imaging”.
Investigación | 🇬🇧 Research
This paper introduces TextAttack, a Python framework for adversarial attacks, data augmentation, and adversarial training in NLP. TextAttack builds attacks from four components: a goal function, a set of constraints, a transformation, and a search method. TextAttack’s modular design enables researchers to easily construct attacks from combinations of novel and existing components. TextAttack provides implementations of 16 adversarial attacks from the literature and supports a variety of models and datasets, including BERT and other transformers, and all GLUE tasks.
We further formalize the metrics for higher-order statistics, including inter-rater disagreement, in a unified way, which enables us to assess the quality of distributional uncertainty. In addition, we propose a novel post-hoc calibration method that equips trained neural networks with calibrated distributions over class probability estimates. With a large-scale medical imaging application, we show that our approach significantly improves the quality of uncertainty estimates in multiple metrics.
Rob wants to argue that if intent is linked to an incorrect assessment of identity, and thus not central to an ethics of behaviour, then this opens up an actionable set of actors actually at play in the digtial (IoT, 5G, AI) namely: objects (with added connectivity like NFC), machines with built in connectivity, animals & plants (as ecosystems) and humans alike , as they can be treated as entities.
It has never been more important that we keep a sharp eye out on the development of this field and how it is shaping our society and interactions with each other. With this inaugural edition of the State of AI Ethics we hope to bring forward the most important developments that caught our attention at the Montreal AI Ethics Institute this past quarter. Our goal is to help you navigate this ever-evolving field swiftly and allow you and your organization to make informed decisions.
We have launched, within the open publishing platform “PubPub“, a research community in English language (its equivalent in Spanish too). The benefit is based on four pillars: 1) readers, 2) authors, 3) reviewers and 4) journals. (This is based in OpenSource software). As part of the Knowledge Futures Group, we’re committed to making PubPub open …