Underpinning the latest version of AlphaFold is a novel machine learning approach that incorporates physical and biological knowledge about protein structure, leveraging multi-sequence alignments, into the design of the deep learning algorithm.
Steganography is the science of hiding a secret message within an ordinary public message. Over the years, steganography has been used to encode a lower resolution image into a higher resolution image by simple methods like LSB manipulation. We aim to utilize deep neural networks for the encoding and decoding of multiple secret images inside a single cover image of the same resolution.
“The European Commission has shown its ambition in the area of artificial intelligence (AI) in its recent White Paper on Artificial Intelligence – a European approach to excellence and trust. This White Paper is at the same time a precursor of possible legislation of AI in products and services in the European Union. However, COCIR sees no need for novel regulatory frameworks for AI-based devices in Healthcare, because the requirements of EU MDR and EU IVDR in combination with GDPR are adequate to ensure that same excellence and trust.” (COCIR paper).
We further formalize the metrics for higher-order statistics, including inter-rater disagreement, in a unified way, which enables us to assess the quality of distributional uncertainty. In addition, we propose a novel post-hoc calibration method that equips trained neural networks with calibrated distributions over class probability estimates. With a large-scale medical imaging application, we show that our approach significantly improves the quality of uncertainty estimates in multiple metrics.
Following visible successes on a wide range of predictive tasks, machine learning techniques are attracting substantial interest from medical researchers and clinicians. We address the need for capacity development in this area by providing a conceptual introduction to machine learning alongside a practical guide to developing and evaluating predictive algorithms using freely-available open source software and public domain data
This paper contributes the first human-centered observational study of a deep learning system deployed directly in clinical care with patients. Through field observations and interviews at eleven clinics across Thailand, we explored the expectations and realities that nurses encounter in bringing a deep learning model into their clinical practices. First, we outline typical eye-screening workflows and challenges that nurses experience when screening hundreds of patients. Then, we explore the expectations nurses have for an AI-assisted eye screening process. Next, we present a human-centered, observational study of the deep learning system used in clinical care, examining nurses’ experiences with the system, and the socio-environmental factors that impacted system performance. Finally, we conclude with a discussion around applications of HCI methods to the evaluation of deep learning algorithms in clinical environments.